Embryology

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Reproduction (12 Videos / Run Time: 1:43:55)
Section 1 - Early Fetal Development (10:39)
TOPICS: Fertilization, blastomere, morula, blastocyst, implantation, bilmaniar disc formation, outer cell mass (trophoblast), trophoblast cells, inner cell mass, uterine epithelium, epiblast, yolk sac, syncytiotrophoblast, amniotic cavity, gastrulation, hypoblast, primitive streak, endoderm, mesoderm, ectoderm, amniotic sac enlargement, neural tube formation, embryo, cytotrophoblast, umbilical cord formation, organogenesis, chorion, umbilical cord, placenta, amnion, fetus, inner layer of chorionic villi, outer layer of chorionic villi, ovary, cardiac development, limb buds, teratogens, transvaginal ultrasound, fetal movements
Section 2 - Genes (6:59)
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Section 3 - Embryologic Derivatives (7:16)
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Section 4 - Errors in Morphogenesis (5:43)
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Section 5 - Teratogens (4:37)
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Section 6 - Twinning (7:47)
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Section 7 - Pharyngeal Clefts and Pouches (10:23)
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1st 2nd pharygeal archesSection 8 - 1st and 2nd Pharyngeal Arches (12:59)
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3rd 4th 6th pharyngeal archesSection 9 - 3rd, 4th, and 6th Pharyngeal Arches (11:38)
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Section 10 - Cleft Lip and Palate (5:51)
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Section 11 - Normal Genital Development (10:25)
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Section 12 - Pathology of Genital Development (9:38)
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Cardiology (4 Videos / Run Time: 0:49:55)
Section 1 - Normal Cardiac Development (10:45)
TOPICS: Embryonic precursors, cardiac looping, septation of the atria, septation of the ventricles, septation of the outflow tract, early fetal development, truncus arteriosus, bulbus cordis, primitive ventricle, primitive atria, primitive pulmonary vein, right horn of sinus venosus, left horn of sinus venosus, right common cardinal vein, endocardial cushion, posterior veins, subcardinal veins, supracardinal veins, ascending aorta, pulmonary trunk, left ventricle, right ventricle, left atria, right atria, smooth portion of the heart, trabeculated portion of the heart, coronary sinus, superior vena cava, inferior vena cava, atrial septum, membranous interventricular septum, AV valves, semilunar valves, adult derivatives of embryonic structures, left circumflex artery, posterior descending artery, right horn of sinus venosus, atrioventricular canals, dynein defects, dextrocardia, Kartagener syndrome, foramen primum, foramen secundum, foramen ovale, septum primum, septum secundum, muscular interventricular septum, aorticopulmonary septum
Section 2 - Fetal and Neonatal Circulation (13:02)
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Section 3 - Right to Left Shunts (13:28)
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Section 4 - Left to Right Shunts (12:40)
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Pulmonology (1 Video / Run Time: 0:12:15)
Section 1 - Respiratory Embryology (12:15)
TOPICS: Primary bronchi, secondary bronchi, tertiary bronchi, respiratory bronchioles, terminal bronchioles, alveolar ducts, saccule, cardiac notch bronchial tree, lungs, larynx, alveolar duct, alveoli, pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein, trachea, stages of lung development, embryonic stage, pseudoglandular stage, canalicular stage, saccular stage, alveolar stage, conducting zones, respiratory zones, anatomy of the respiratory tree, respiratory diverticulum (foregut), tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF), esophageal atresia (EA), vitelline duct, midgut, hindgut, esophagotracheal ridge, lung buds, presentations of esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF), diagnosis and treatment of esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF), nasogastric tube, gastric distention, aspiration pneumonia, polyhydramnios, fluoroscopy, bronchogenic cysts, mediastinum, pseudoglandular stage, capillary network, fetal respiration, pulmonary hypoplasia, Potter’s sequence, diaphragmatic hernia, Type II pneumocytes, primary septae, secondary septae, bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Nephrology (2 Videos / Run Time: 0:21:50)
Section 1 - Normal Renal Development (8:48)
TOPICS: Nephrogenic cord, pronephros, mesonephros, mesonephric duct, cloaca, metanephros, metanephric mesoderm (blastema), reciprocal induction, ureteric bud, fetal development of urinary system, development of filtration and collections systems from fetus to adult, Wolffian duct, internal genitalia, ureteric bud (metanephrogenic diverticulum), collecting system, filtration system, urachus, urinary excretion in 1st trimester, urinary excretion in 2nd and 3rd trimester, gut tube, midgut, allantois, umbilical cord, bladder, ureter, median umbilical ligament, urachal cyst, vesicourachal diverticulum, umbilicus, urachal diverticulum, urachal pathologies
Section 2 - Renal Embryo Pathology (13:02)
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Gastroenterology (4 Videos / Run Time: 0:32:07)
Section 1 - Normal Development (5:40)
TOPICS: Gut tube, midgut, cloaca, nephrogenic cord, umbilical cord, vitelline duct, yolk sac, urachus, gastrointestinal development, foregut, midgut, hindgut, umbilical ring, 90 degree counterclockwise rotation, 180 degree counterclockwise rotation, 270 degree total counterclockwise rotation, omphalomesenteric duct, superior mesenteric artery, midgut rotation in utero, gastrointestinal division, celiac trunk, esophagus, duodenum, colon, superior mesenteric artery (SMA), anal canal, pectinate line, inferior mesenteric artery (IMA), spleen, stomach, small intestines, gastrointestinal arteries
Section 2 - Foregut and Hindgut Pathology (9:52)
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Section 3 - Midgut Pathology (10:35)
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Section 4 - Intestinal Atresia (06:00)
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Endocrinology (1 Video / Run Time: 0:08:29)
Section 1 - Endocrine Embryology (8:29)
TOPICS: Thyroid gland, pituitary gland, foramen cecum, thyroglossal duct, pyramidal lobe, thyroid diverticulum, thyroid lobes, isthmus, trachea, pharyngeal floor, follicular cells, ultimobranchial body and parafollicular (C) cells of the thyroid, palatine tonsil, inferior parathyroids, superior parathyroids, thymus, ultimobranchial boc, descent of thyroid during development, thyroid gland embryology, pharyngeal apparatus, endoderm, thyroglossal duct remnants, foramen cecum, pyramidal lobe, thyroglossal duct cyst, ectopic thyroid tissue, hypothyroidism, neural plate, notochord, ectoderm, neural fold, neural groove, neural tube, neural crest cells, neuroectoderm, pituitary gland embryology, neurulation, diencephalon, hypothalamus, Rathke’s pouch, craniopharyngioma, surface ectoderm, antidiuretic hormone (ADH), oxytocin, anterior pituitary, posterior pituitary, respiratory diverticulum, telencephalon, mesencephalon, metencephalon, myelencephalon, gut tube, sella turcica
Neurology (2 Videos / Run Time: 0:23:43)
Section 1 - Neurological Development and Neural Tube Defects (13:03)
TOPICS: Germ layer origins, surface ectoderm, neuroectoderm, neural tube, neural crest cells, neurulation, notochord, neural plate, nucleus pulposus, ectoderm, neural fold, neural groove, epiderm, neural tube progression, brain segments, cavities and walls derived from the neural tube, prosencephalon (forebrain), mesencephalon (midbrain), rhombencephalon (hindbrain), spinal cord, telencephalon, diencephalon, mesencephalon, metencephalon, myelencephalon, lateral ventricles, aqueduct, 3rd ventricles, 4th ventricle, cerebral hemispheres, thalamus, hypothalamus, midbrain, cerebellum pons, medulla oblongata, neurospore, fusion failure, amniotic cavity, neural tube defect, spina bifida occulta, meningocele, myelomeningocele, myeloschisis, caudal neural tube defects, cranial neural tube defects, anencephaly, folic acid, valproate, carbamazepine, holoprosencephaly, sonic hedgehog (SHH), midline facial defects, spectrum of midline defects and holoprosencephaly, lissencephaly, agyria, neuronal migration, gyri, sulci, microcephaly, ventriculomegaly
Section 2 - Posterior Fossa Malformations (10:40)
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