Cardiac Pathology Section 4- Aortic Dissection and Aneurysm

TOPICS: Aortic Dissection, tunica intima, tunica media, Pre-existing weakness, Proximal dissection (Stanford type A), ascending aorta, heart, cardiac tamponade, aortic regurgitation, descending aorta, Distal dissection (Stanford type B), descending aorta, Hypertension, hyaline arteriosclerosis, vasa vasorum, Age, collagen, smooth muscle, elastin, mucoid extracellular matrix, Genetic defects, fibrillin-1 defect, chest pain, radiates to the back, Widened mediastinum, Double lumen, Cystic medial degeneration, Fragmentation of elastic tissue, Traumatic Aortic Rupture, entire wall of the aorta, motor vehicle accident, isthmus of the aorta, left subclavian artery, Mediastinal widening, Aortic Aneurysm, Stress-related dilation, true aneurysm, Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA), atherosclerosis, age >60, male sex, smoking, hypertension, chronic transmural inflammation, Inflammatory cells, metalloproteinases, acute pain, hypotension, pulsatile abdominal mass, Nonatherosclerotic, idiopathic, sporadic, connective tissue-related genetic defects, Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, infections, tertiary syphilis, inflammatory disorders, Takayasu arteritis, vasa vasorum, aortic regurgitation, hoarseness, dysphagia, hemodynamic collapse, chest pain, back pain, Mediastinal widening, cystic like appearance
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