Cardiac Pathology Section 2- Hypertension

TOPICS: Hypertension, Elevated blood pressure (>130/80), cardiac output, systemic vascular resistance, BP = CO X SVR, sympathetic nervous system, plasma volume, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, Primary (essential) hypertension, environmental and genetic changes, age, obesity, family history, race (African Americans), high sodium diet, inactivity, Secondary hypertension, renal artery stenosis, fibromuscular dysplasia, pheochromocytoma, Cushing’s syndrome, obstructive sleep apnea, White coat hypertension, office visits, Hypertensive urgency, acute end-organ damage, retinopathy, left ventricular hypertrophy, ischemic cardiovascular disease, stroke, kidney disease, Hypertensive emergency
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